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Question Summary:
I am an Imam of a Musjid and require urgent clarification in regards to non-Muslims entering the Musjid, please state the ruling of all the Mazahib.

Question Detail:

I am an Imam of a Musjid and require urgent clarification in regards to non-Muslims entering the Musjid, please state the ruling of all the Mazahib.

Answer :

 Answer:
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.
According to the Hanafi Mazhab, it is permissible for non- Muslims to enter the Musjid.
Rasullullah(Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) hosted the delegation of the Thaqeef tribe in Musjid e Nabawi while they were still Kuffar.[1]
Hadhrat Mufti Mahmood al- Hasan Gangohi (Rahmatullahi Alayhi), the grand Mufti of India, has stated that the above ruling is conditional to the following conditions:
1. The entering of non- Muslims in the Musjid does not cause any harm/fitnah to the Muslims.
2.  Their apparent impure state is unknown.
A copy of the Fatwa of Hadhrat Mufti Mahmood al- Hasan Gangohi (Rahmatullahi Alayhi) is attached for your perusal:
 
Translation of the Fatwa:
Question: If a non- Muslim man or woman enters the musjid and it is not known whether he/she in the state of impurity or in the state of purity, is it permissible to enter or not? And is there any sin on the responsible people of the Musjid or not?
Answer: Until such time that there is no certainty of their impure state, and there is no other harm/fitnah, then it is permissible. There is no sin on the responsible people of the Musjid.
A copy of the Fatwa of Hadhrat Mufti Kifayatullah Saheb (Rahmatullahi Alayhi) is attached for your perusal.
Translation of the Fatwa in reference:
Question:
 There are many Muslims in the market place. The Muslims have created a committee in which Hindus and Muslims are included. It is necessary to attend the committee meeting. There is no place where this meeting of peace and unity can be conducted. If it is done in the Musjid, then what is the ruling?
Answer:
There is no problem. Muslims, Hindus, Christians and non- Muslims are not prohibited from entering the Musjid. Non- Muslims enter the Jami Musjid daily for relaxation purposes. If there is one correct objective (unity and establishment of peace), then there is no problem in entering the Musjid.
According to the Hanbali and Shafi’ee schools of thought, it is permissible for non-Muslims to enter any Musjid besides the Al- Musjid al- Haraam.
According to the Maliki Mazhab, It is makrooh (disliked) for non-Muslims to enter any Musjid.[2]
And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best
Moulana Ismail Desai,
Student Darul Iftaa
Durban, South Africa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 


[1]     يري الحنفية جوازه مطلقا الي المسجد الحرام و غيره لما روي أنه صلي الله عليه و سلم انزل وفد ثقيف في المسجد و كانوا كفارا ( الموسوعة الفقهية الكويتية ، ج 20، ص 244- 145، ادارة) 

[2]    فذهب الشافعية و الحنابلة و محمد بن الحسن من الحنفية الي أنه يحرم دخوله المسجد الحرام و لا يكره دخوله غيره و يري الحنفية جوازه مطلقا الي المسجد الحرام و غيره و كرهه المالكية ( الموسوعة الفقهية الكويتية، ج 20، ص 244، ادارة الشؤون الاسلامية)

و جاز دخول الذمي المسجد مطلقا و كرهه مالك مطلقا و كرهه محمد و الشافعي و احمد في المسجد الحرام ( الدر علي التنوير، ج 6، ص 387، ايج ايم سعيد)

فتاوي محموديه، ج 22، ص 430، مكتبه محموديه) 

كفاية المفتي، ج 3، ص 165، الاشاعة

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We make Du’aa you are well. The Darul Iftaa was established in the year 2011. The fundamental objective of the Darul Iftaa is to train Ulama from various parts of the world to become Muftis. In this world of scientific calculations and technological advancements, economic confusion and political disarray, a Mufti is trained to understand and analyze current situations and provide leadership for the Ummah. There is a vacuum  of competent Muftis in various parts of the world. The Ummah lacks leadership. There are currently twelve students who are studying at the Darul Iftaa. They are from United States of America, United Kingdom, Mozambique, Jamaica, Zambia, Canada and South Africa. There are many Ulama from many parts of the world who have applied to study the Iftaa course. They could not be accommodated due to lack of adequate facilities. The Darul Iftaa has therefore embarked on an expansion project.

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